Andes Mountains - a long mountain range that runs along the west of South America. Argentina - a large country in southern South America, bordered by Uruguay, Chile, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Brazil. Buenos Aires - The capital city of Argentina, located on the Río de la Plata. Mendoza - a city in western Argentina, located west of Buenos Aires and south of Miguel de Tucumán. San Miguel de Tucumán - a large city in northwestern Argentina, located northwest of Buenos Aires and north of Mendoza. Tierra del Fuego - The eastern part of an island (part of an archipelago) located in far-southern Argentina (the western part of the island belongs to Chile).
Bodies of Water:
Atlantic Ocean - The ocean that borders Argentina to the east. Paraná River - A long river that flows roughly south, from Paraguay and Brazil to Buenos Aires. Pacific Ocean - The ocean to the west of South America. Rio de la Plata - A huge estuary on the Atlantic coast between Argentina and Uruguay; the Paraná River and Uruguay River (not pictured) flow into it. Strait of Magellan - A thin waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; it is located in southern South America, running through far-southern Chile.
Bordering and Nearby Countries, Places, Islands:
Bolivia - An inland country of South America, located north of Argentina, west of Paraguay and Brazil, and northeast of Chile. Brazil - A large country northeast of Argentina; Brazil is north of Uruguay and east of Paraguay. Cape Horn - The southernmost point of land in South America (located in southern Chile). Chile - A long, thin country on the western coast of South America, west of Argentina. Falkland Islands - Islands off the southeastern coast of Argentina; they are part of the United Kingdom. Paraguay - An inland country of South America, located north of Argentina, west of Brazil, and southeast of Bolivia. Uruguay - A country that borders Argentina on the east; it is located on the Atlantic Ocean between Brazil and Argentina.