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George Washington was born on February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He had very little formal schooling. Washington married Martha Custis in 1759. As an Army General, Washington helped the 13 colonies win the Revolutionary War (1776-1783) against the British. In 1787, Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during which the US Constitution was written.
Washington was elected President of the US by electors in early 1789 and in 1792. Both votes were unanimous. His first inauguration took place in New York City, New York (which was the first capital of the USA, from 1789 to 1790). His second inauguration took place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (it was the capital from 1790 to 1800). Washington refused a third term.
During Washington's presidency, the Bill of Rights were adopted. In his cabinet were Thomas Jefferson (Secretary of State), Alexander Hamilton (Secretary of Treasury), Henry Knox (Secretary of War), and Edmund Randolph (Attorney General).
Washington wore false teeth made from hippopotamus ivory. Martha and George Washington had two adopted children, John (whom they called Jack) and Martha (whom they called Patsy).
Washington died on December 14, 1799, at his home called Mt. Vernon, located in Fairfax County, Virginia. After his death, the nation's capital was moved from Philadelphia to a location near Washington's home (on the border of Virginia and Maryland), and was named Washington D.C. in his honor.
1. During what years was Washington President of the US? _________________________________
2. In which state was Washington born? _________________________________
3. Washington fought the British for independence during which war? _________________________________
4. What is Washington's home called? _________________________________
5. How old was Washington when he died? __________________________
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