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Greek Alphabet

Greek Alphabet

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The Greek alphabet has 24 letters; each letter stands for a single sound. The letters are: alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta, eta, theta, iota, kappa, lambda, mu, nu, xi, omicron, pi, rho, sigma, tau, upsilon, phi, chi, psi, and omega. The word alphabet comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta.

The Greek alphabet emerged around 800 B.C. or earlier (over 2,800 years ago), adapted by the Greeks from the Phoenician alphabet. The Greek alphabet added symbols for vowel sounds; it was the first language that had symbols for both consonant and vowel sounds. The modern (Ionic) Greek alphabet began to be commonly used in Greece about 400 B.C. In the ancient Greek alphabet, only capital letters were used; lower-case letters were added centuries later.

The Greek people today use essentially the same alphabet as the one used in ancient Greece (with lower-case letters added and a few other minor changes). Greek letters are used throughout the world as symbols in mathematics and the sciences.

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Label Capital Greek Letters

Label the upper-case Greek letters.
Europe map to label

Label Lower-case Greek Letters

Label the lower-case Greek letters.


Geography, maps, the flag, and printouts on Greece.

Greece: Tab Book

A book about Greece for fluent readers with pages on the map, flag, language, Ancient Greece, the Olympics, and the Greek Gods and Mount Olympus.
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Greece: Flag Quiz/ Printout

Answer questions and color the flag
Greece: Flag

Greek Flag Coloring Printout

Greek Flag

Greece: Map Coloring Printout

Print and color the map of Greece
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Greece: Map Quiz Printout

Take a quiz on the map of Greece. Or go to the answers.

Greece: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of Greece to print.
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Label the countries and bodies of water of Europe.
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Europe: Label Me! Printout with First Letter Hints

Label the countries and bodies of water of Europe, given the first letter of the places.

Europe: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of Europe to print.

Olympics Book Printout

Print a short book about the Olympics, with pages on the ancient Olympics, the Olympic flame, the Olympic flag, the Summer and Winter Games, Olympic awards, and recent Olympic locations.

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