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gas giant

Saturn is the _______________________ planet from the Sun in our Solar System. It is the second-largest _______________________ in our Solar System (Jupiter is the largest) and is made mostly of _______________________ and helium gas (it is a _______________________ planet). Saturn has beautiful rings. Although Saturn is visible without using a _______________________, a low-power telescope is needed to see its rings. The rings were first observed by _______________________ in the 17th century. Saturn's bright rings are made of ice chunks (and some rocks) that range in size from the size of a fingernail to the size of a _______________________. Although the rings are extremely wide (almost 185,000 miles = 300,000 km in diameter), they are very _______________________ (about 0.6 miles = 1 km thick).

Saturn is about 74,898 miles = 120,536 km in diameter (at the equator at the cloud tops). This is about 9.4 times the _______________________ of the Earth. 764 Earths could fit inside a hollowed-out Saturn.

Saturn's mass is about 5.69 x 1026 kg. Although this is 95 times the mass of the Earth, the _______________________ on Saturn is only 1.08 times the gravity on Earth. This is because Saturn is such a _______________________ planet (and the gravitational force a planet exerts upon an object at the planet's surface is proportional to its mass and to the inverse of its radius squared). A 100 pound person would only weigh 108 _______________________ on Saturn. Saturn is the only planet in our Solar System that is less dense than water. Saturn would float if there were a body of water large enough!

Each day on Saturn takes 10.2 Earth hours. A year on Saturn takes 29.46 Earth years; it takes 29.46 Earth years for Saturn to orbit the _______________________ once.

Saturn is the most oblate (flattened) planet in our Solar System. It has a equatorial diameter of 74,898 miles = 120,536 km (at the cloud tops) and a polar diameter of 67,560 miles =108,728 km. This is a difference of about 10%. Saturn's flattened shape is probably caused by its fast _______________________ and its gaseous composition. Saturn has many _______________________. This planet was named for the Roman god of agriculture.

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